A comprehensive text offers coverage of news, features, sports, politics, and contemporary issues and includes interviews with leading professionals, technical illustrations, and summaries of the latest research in the field.
A collection of professional photographs spanning from 1855 through the early twenty-first century, featuring photojournalistic pieces from various wars and conflicts that illustrate extreme social, economic, and cultural issues from around the world.
This book seeks to explore the desirability and feasibility of placing ecological science at the center of an understanding of pesticide law and policy, and it will be the first ever to explore the ecological and legal landscapes related to pesticide use in an interdisciplinary fashion. Although concerns over the ecological impacts of pesticides such as DDT fueled the environmental movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s, and led to the creation of the field of environmental law, the ecological impacts of pesticide use have been largely ignored by the law and by legal scholars for more than 30 years. Despite the substantial impacts of pesticides on the environment, most environmental law texts touch only briefly and in a cursory manner on pesticide issues. Similarly, ecological texts dealing with pesticide impacts largely ignore the role of the law in addressing these concerns. This book will be the first to provide a serious treatment of the significance of pesticide issues in environmental law and the first to provide an ecological perspective on the legal issues. Only very recently have new ecological understandings demonstrated that current environmental laws are wholly inadequate to address ecological impacts of pesticide use. Recent studies demonstrate that the actions taken in the 1970s and early 1980s to ban or restrict certain ecologically harmful pesticides, such as DDT and its relatives, have done little to protect wildlife, including threatened and endangered species, or ecological systems, from the harms of pesticide use. A 2004 Center for Biological Diversity Report concludes that 375 threatened or endangered species are currently at risk of extinction from pesticide use in the U.S. Moreover, a 2006 demonstrates that the impacts from pesticides extend to international economy. A recent study concludes that insects provide ecological services, such as pest control, pollination, and grazing land clean-up, amounting to more than $57 billion per year in the U.S. alone. A 2006 National Research Council Report concludes that populations of pollinators and other insects providing ecological services are in serious decline, due in large part to pesticide use. As was set forth in the first book of the Ecology and Law series, four major factors have influenced the manner in which environmental effects of pesticide use are addressed by society: "1) "ecology," i.e., the developing science of ecology; 2) "public culture," i.e., the emergence of a public culture that increasingly embraces an ethos of nature and sustainability; 3) "public policy," i.e., local statute and federal policies, largely the result of the arousal of vigorous environmental movements and the emergence of "ecosystem regimes" as central players in the environmental policy debate; and 4) "environmental law," i.e., environmental constitutional provisions, legislation, regulations, court rulings, and international agreements, laws and treaties. Although each of these influences constitutes its own academic discipline, they are inextricably intertwined. Historically, each academic discipline, if addressing the other influences at all, has only given scant treatment to them. This book strives to integrate all four influences in a more balanced and interdisciplinary manner. The structure of this book will be an organized exploration of the co-evolution of pest control and pesticide law. After an introduction, which will provide an overview of the complexities of issues associated with pesticide use both from a legal and an ecological perspective, the author will explore the ecology of pests and the evolution of the control or pests. Next, she will provide an in-depth treatment of the ecological impacts of pesticide use, followed by an exploration of the evolution of the law in response to such impacts. The book will then address the legacy of past pesticide use. Finally, the conclusion will analyze how recent developments in ecological science can be used to inform the law, and will propose a number of potential ways in which the law could be changed to respond to better ecological understandings.
PHOTOJOURNALISM: AN INTRODUCTION is a richly illustrated book that encourages aspiring photojournalists to communicate to readers the most appropriate truth fairly represented, though an eye-catching personal style, with technical proficiency, within legal and ethical and taste restrictions, and with an appreciation of some of what came before in photography and photojournalism.PHOTOJOURNALISM: AN INTRODUCTION reaches out to bring your students the commentary of some of the most talented visually oriented journalistic professionals of contemporary and past times. A wealth of photographs is reproduced to illustrate points, serve as examples of what others have done, and stimulate students to visually communicate in an eye-catching and effective way. Taken as a whole, these images are a portfolio of some of the best photojournalism anywhere.
Originally published in 1991. "A photojournalist is a mixture of a cool, detached professional and a sensitive, involved citizen. The taking of pictures is much more than F-stops and shutter speeds. The printing of pictures is much more than chemical temperatures and contrast grades. The publishing of pictures is much more than cropping and size decisions. A photojournalist must always be aware that the technical aspects of the photographic process are not the primary concerns." This book addresses ethics in photojournalism in depth, with sections on the philosophy in the discipline, on pictures of victims or disaster scenes, on privacy rights and on altering images. As important and interesting today as when it was first in print.
Updated throughout to reflect recent technological advances and changes, Photojournalism: Content & Technique, second edition, continues the commitment to contemporary coverage. Your students will learn about the principles, tools, and techniques needed to become effective photojournalists. Like the previous edition, parts and chapters progress logically from beginning to more advanced ideas, yet each chapter functions as an independent unit giving you greater flexibility in the classroom.
If everyone with a smartphone can be a citizen photojournalist, who needs professional photojournalism? This rather flippant question cuts to the heart of a set of pressing issues, where an array of impassioned voices may be heard in vigorous debate. While some of these voices are confidently predicting photojournalism's impending demise as the latest casualty of internet-driven convergence, others are heralding its dramatic rebirth, pointing to the democratisation of what was once the exclusive domain of the professional. Regardless of where one is situated in relation to these stark polarities, however, it is readily apparent that photojournalism is being decisively transformed across shifting, uneven conditions for civic participation in ways that raise important questions for journalism’s forms and practices in a digital era. This book's contributors identify and critique a range of factors currently recasting photojournalism's professional ethos, devoting particular attention to the challenges posed by the rise of citizen journalism. This book was originally published as two special issues, in Digital Journalism and Journalism Practice.
The traditional approach to studying American photojournalism explains the what and who of photojournalism -- what events and developments occurred, what notable images were taken, and who took them. Without neglecting those concerns, American Photojournalism emphasizes the why.
Understanding Photojournalism explores the interface between theory and practice at the heart of photojournalism, mapping out the critical questions that photojournalists and picture editors consider in their daily practice and placing these in context. Outlining the history and theory of photojournalism, this textbook explains its historical and contemporary development; who creates, selects and circulates images; and the ethics, aesthetics and politics of the practice. Carefully chosen, international case studies represent a cross section of key photographers, practices and periods within photojournalism, enabling students to understand the central questions and critical concepts. Illustrated with a range of photographs and case material, including interviews with contemporary photojournalists, this book is essential reading for students taking university and college courses on photography within a wide range of disciplines and includes an annotated guide to further reading and a glossary of terms to further expand your studies.
Photojournalism Disrupted addresses the unprecedented disruptions in photojournalism over the last decade, with a particular focus on the Australian news media context. Using a mixed methods approach, the book assesses the situation facing press photographers and their employers in the supply of professional imagery for news storytelling. Detailed qualitative case studies looking at special events and crisis reporting complement a longitudinal study of sourcing practices around everyday events. Additionally, interviews with industry professionals offer insights into how news organizations are managing significant structural change. Ultimately, the book argues that photojournalism is being reshaped in line with wider industrial disruptions that have led to the emergence of a highly casualized workforce. As a comprehensive study of contemporary photojournalism practices, Photojournalism Disrupted is ideal for scholars and students internationally, as well as (photo)journalists and media professionals.